The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

The world’s 100 biggest brands still command a significant premium over others and that value increased by 3 per cent to $3.4tn this year, according to the latest BrandZ rankings compiled by Millward Brown, the research agency.

央行:下一阶段将继续实施稳健的货币政策

In dollar terms, imports plunged 18.8 per cent last month to $114.19, from a 7.6 per cent drop in January and versus an expected drop of 3.6 per cent.
“As long as overall markets remain relatively constructive and transactions continue to be executed well, we continue to expect healthy volumes over the rest of the year,” said David Ludwig, head of Americas equity capital markets at Goldman Sachs.
中国财富榜每年的变化反映了中国资本的流动,显示了这个国家超级富豪的金融实力。
The pear-shaped diamond named The Blue is 13.22 carats is estimated to be worth between $21-$25 million.

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 2017年这些新政将给LED产业带来怎样的影响? in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

不动产登记对楼市冲击几何:市场影响将十分有限

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

该机构在2014年的一项调查显示,在完成两年教学的受访者当中,86%表示他们通过自己的工作为改变教育不平等采取了行动,65%表示在工作以外采取了行动。
If you work hard and benefit the company you work for, you deserve to be rewarded for that. If your boss hasn't given you a raise in the last two years, ask for one. If he or she says no, get out now.
福布斯杂志认为,特朗普净资产的下降,主要是由于曼哈顿市中心房地产市场的疲软。
最近两年你都没有涨薪水

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

We first see the hair of Anna Morales (Jessica Chastain) during the opening credits of “A Most Violent Year.” She’s at her makeup mirror.
The life expectancy of the average human has increased more in the past 50 years than it did in the 200,000 years of human existence. Life expectancy is now 70 years old – which is a big difference from 47 years old in 1950!
其中有铁环的那一个是在江苏西部的仪征市发现的。

湖南省直住房公积金中心:差别化信贷政策拟从严从紧

香港科技大学(Hong Kong University of Science and Technology)和凯洛格管理学院(Kellogg School of Management)合办的中美EMBA项目重新夺回英国《金融时报》100个最佳EMBA项目排行榜的冠军宝座。
And in the UK, could this be the year that the big consultancies make proper inroads into the legal market Will other “alternative business structures” — aka purveyors of “Tesco law” — finally gain a toehold at the consumer end by offering fixed-fee services, putting work out to tender to loose networks of lawyers, or cranking up the legal chatbot for instant, affordable advice Someone has to bust this sector open for the sake of the average citizen.

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 地板企业:把品牌做再大 不如用品质说话 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

泰勒斯威夫特被评为2012年最慈善明星。
喜剧类最佳男演员:杰佛里?塔博(Jeffrey Tambor),《透明家庭》(Transparent)
Audrey Zhang, a fifth-grader from Levittown, N.Y., is the winner of this year's Doodle 4 Google competition, rising to the top of some 100,000 entries on the theme of "draw one thing to make the world a better place."
But the statistics bureau attributed the overall rise in CPI chiefly to a base effect resulting from low prices a year prior.

土地流拍率上升体现了对市场的尊重

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC).” Previous reports have pegged the screen size at just under the 5 inches of Samsung’s Galaxy 4.
哥伦布日在1971年成为美国假日。银行、州政府办公室、邮局和联邦机构都会放假。债券市场休市,但许多商家和股票交易所继续开放。
当支持者在周一早些时候涌向总督大楼,一人高喊,"今天,新的波多黎各开始了!" 随着其他人的欢呼,包括那些拿着美国国旗的群众。
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6. China will also soonmake further announcements regarding affordable housing and more accessiblehealthcare. The country still needs 75 million more $75,000 housing unitsand it will begin breaking ground on them, in earnest, in 2014. Theseinvestments, particularly in health care, will effectively become self-funded,allowing average Chinese consumers to consider saving less, and spending more. It will drive longevity and years of productive employment.
“现在黑客使用流行文化或体育活动中的常见说法来破解网上账户,因为他们知道很多人在使用这些容易记住的词做密码。”
中国拥有世界上最大的外汇储备,它一直被视为金融稳定的最终保障,因为外储可以被用来对冲资本外流,或纾困艰难应对坏账增加的国内金融机构。
The pear-shaped diamond named The Blue is 13.22 carats is estimated to be worth between $21-$25 million.
明年,寻找新楼盘的买家将会有更多的选择。根据科克伦阳光营销集团(Corcoran Sunshine Marketing Group)提供的数据,明年(2015年——译注)曼哈顿、布鲁克林和皇后区长岛市(Long Island City)新上市的共管公寓预计将增加一倍以上,从2014年的3444套增加到8366套。

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

On Her Majesty's Secret Service gets an honorable mention on our list of James Bond Theme songs.
《生活大爆炸》中绝不缺少天才。不只是因为这部剧向观众展示了很多绝顶聪明的科学家,同时,演员玛伊姆·比亚利克还拥有神经学博士学位。因此,演员们想要在剧中展示他们的聪明才智,并将整部剧做到精益求精,这也不足为奇。剧中谢尔顿和莱纳德的公寓里有一块很大的白板,这对铁哥们几乎在处理任何事时都会用到它,从完成从学校带回来的工作,到决定是否等到看完最新一部《蜘蛛侠》再吃饭,都离不开这块白板。
中国富豪的账面财富突然暴涨,乃至此前不为人知的大亨一跃成名,都不是什么稀罕事,在股市上市和其他公开投资会将他们一下子推到聚光灯下。
Season\'s greetings and best wishes for the New Year.
Helu came in fourth in Forbes' 2016 list of 1,810 billionaires, behind Gates, Zara's Amancio Ortega and business mogul Warren Buffett, respectively.

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

There are 27 companies that are dropped from the list this year, including AT&T, IBM, Siemens and Xerox.

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

瑞茜·威瑟斯彭(Reese Witherspoon)刚出道时大胆尝试不同戏路的演出,据报道,她曾努力将因影片《一往直前》(Walk the Line)获得的最佳女主角的奖杯制成门环或项链。但这两种方案都没能得以实现,现在,小金人就站在她的客厅里。
现在iPhone又夺回声势,对Apple Watch的期待也在升温,库克似乎重新赢得了苹果员工的信任。分析师表示,这一点从他在今年产品发布会上的表现就可以看出来。

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

英语中,男女用语的7个大不同

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)