The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

一有机会就炫一下小卷毛。

家居设计人才缺失 谁该为设计买单?

Jude Webber
Most entrepreneurs (78 per cent)used savings or relied on friends and family to raise all or part of their start-up funds. Angel financing was also a source for a quarter of entrepreneurs.
莱昂纳多·迪卡普里奥和嘎嘎小姐在今年金球奖拔得头筹。
The number of initial public offerings (IPO) and the amount of funds raised in the Chinese mainland's A-share market fell sharply year-on-year during the first half of 2016, according to statistics released by PwC last Monday.

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 绿色建筑:复合建材唱主角 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

红木市场持续低迷 知名企业称要甩卖家具发工资

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

Since then, China has been issuing stamps on the theme of the lunar calendar every year to mark the 12 Chinese astrological signs.
她的设备使用了碳纳米管来检测铅的存在。据报道,数千个美国供水系统都有铅污染的问题。
The value of goods that crossed international borders last year fell 13.8 per cent in dollar terms — the first contraction since 2009 — according to the Netherlands Bureau of Economic Policy Analysis’s World Trade Monitor. Much of the slump was due to a slowdown in China and other emerging economies.
单词channel 联想记忆:

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

n. 怪
该杂志指出:“特朗普的财富与特朗普大厦和距其一英里范围内的八座建筑紧密相关。在该微小市场所发生的一切,对特朗普净资产的影响超过了世界上其他任何事情,而最近,周边房地产市场已经开始陷入挣扎(相对而言)。”
《固定电话》

地产开发投资一年现V型反转 房企二线城市补地忙

反对:《至暗时刻》目前还没有被一所影评机构评为最佳电影。
如果你计划前往巴西去看奥运会,将注意力集中在运动和娱乐上面,谷歌可以全方位的帮到你。为迎接2016年里约奥运会,搜索巨头谷歌将在谷歌巴西地图推出“探索”功能。

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 购买“内部房源”受骗 牵线中介被判赔偿 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

Essentially this reform will help the government to focus on performing its due role more effectively instead of overreaching itself, because that will only tie down our businesses, cut government’s efficiencies and even public credibility.
《敦刻尔克》
来自中国首都北京的北京大学和清华大学,分列2017年亚洲大学排行榜的第二、三名。而新加坡国立大学则位居榜首。
Revenge epic The Revenant was named best drama picture and DiCaprio and Inarritu walked to the stage to collect it together.

我爱我家原副总裁胡景晖:北京租售比很不合理

It is the first time that EMBA-Global, the joint programme delivered by London Business School and Columbia Business School, has dropped out of the top five.
希拉里屹立不倒:希拉里·克林顿的个人履历中充满了第一:唯一一位成为美国参议员后来成为呼声很高的总统候选人后来又成为国务卿的第一夫人。现在,作为一名淡出公众视线的公民,她仍然是这个世界上最受关注和意见最受重视的女性之一。大家都打赌她会是2016年美国民主党角逐总统选举的候选人,并揣测她会是这个自由世界的下一任领袖。她并不试图平息这些议论,上个月她以估计每场20万美元的报酬进行巡回演讲,并据传签署了一份金额高达1,400万美元的售书协议。
联想记忆
根据中国商业杂志《新财富》发布的2018年中国富人榜,位列榜单前十大亨的财富总和达1.72万亿元,首次突破千亿元大关,在榜单500位富人财富总和中所占比重达18%。
The U.S. $10 bill will feature the portrait of a notable U.S. woman by 2020.
Beck “Say Goodbye” (Capitol)
站在舞台中央,莱昂纳多发言说:“这是无上的荣誉,对我意义重大。两年前当我们置身于荒野当中拍摄电影,我们深深地被大自然的美丽和庞杂所感染。
认真思考一下:未来的经历能提高你的知识和技能吗?它是否会让你接触到新的观点,认识不同的人?(这些都是支持你对机会说“Yes”的好理由!)你需要为了管理团队或与经验更加丰富的同事共事而培养新技巧吗?如果答案是肯定的,那就接受这种挑战,走出你的舒适区。
The second most sought-after job, according to Zhonggong, was a position offered by the regional earthquake bureau in the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, which had 768 applicants as of Tuesday.

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

54集电视连续剧《花千骨》绝对是刷爆朋友圈热门话题。2015年夏天播出以来,《花千骨》就名噪一时。这部由霍建华和赵丽颖主演的电视剧改编自Fresh果果的同名网络小说。这部改编电视剧颇具美感,中国水墨画风格的外景,加上盛世美颜的男女猪脚,成功吸引了80多万微博粉丝(《花千骨》电视剧官方微博)。该剧2015年6月首播,以女性的视角讲诉了一个孤儿成为女神的心路历程,以及她经历的旷世虐恋。
7)让我来唱黑脸:想找一种婉转的批评方式?将对话转变为一场操练,你在其中扮演被孤立的一方,执行一项职能:戳穿(对方言语中的)逻辑漏洞及其攻击计划中的漏洞。你使用此条策略,一定要强调一点,千万不要在这些观点中掺杂个人情绪。
The government needs to work to emancipate and develop productive forces, bring out the initiative for the people and deliver greater benefits to the general public, the essence of governance is to always act in the overall interests of the whole country rather than just acting in one scenario departmental interests. The essence of our government is to always respond to the people’s call.
projected
贸易往来令中国该月贸易顺差达到408.2亿美元,比预期低大约72亿美元,也比11月份修正后442.3亿美元的水平(修正前该数字为446.1亿美元)低了36亿美元左右。以人民币计的这一顺差则为2754亿元人民币。

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

如果你已经为人父母,我能够理解,这是不太可能的。你会将孩子放在更重要的位置。但是,如果你没有在课堂上展示自己,那么你也就没有做到我们在第一点里讨论的内容。

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

More recently, however, General Motors made a self-driving car in 1958 that adjusted its steering wheel based on the alternating currents given off by a wire placed inside the road. While the vehicle did actually drive itself, it does not qualify as the first autonomous vehicle because it depended on wires placed inside the ground. The world's first autonomous vehicle was made by S. Tsugawa and several of his colleagues at Japan's Tsukuba Mechanical Engineering Laboratory. However, German engineer Ernst Dickinson is regarded as the pioneer of the autonomous car. In 1987, he developed the VaMoRs which was capable of traveling more than 90 kilometers per hour (55 mph) for about 20 kilometers (12 mi). Seven years later, he made the VaMP, which could recognize road signs, know its own position in a lane, detect other vehicles, and even decide when to change lanes. And a year after that, he and his team made another autonomous vehicle which traveled from Germany to Denmark. The vehicle had a maximum speed of 180 kilometers per hour (111 mph) and was controlled by a human for about 5 percent of the journey.
平均工作经验:费城班10年,旧金山班12年

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

3.别理会那些出现在CNN国际频道里、告诉你英国行为规范的打领结的专家。这些家伙通常来历不明,自己住在美国加州,却试图提供一些要么不相干要么过时了的建议。比如说,他们通常会告诉你,英国人喜欢排队;喜欢说对不起,即使有时候并不是他们的错误。而事实上,英国人也喜欢插队,而且还会用咳嗽把排在他们后面的人也吓跑。这取决于天气有多闷热潮湿。

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)